Item number: 4857
A Fine British Palaeolithic Flint Hand Axe
From Warren Hill, Mildenhall, Suffolk
Discovered in 1887
Ex Sir John Evans Collection
Ex English Private Collection
With a variety of motivating factors, ever since their conception ancient flint tools have been coveted and prized by mankind. In the late 18th Century the pioneering Antiquarian ‘John Frere’ sent two flint hand axes to the Royal Academy in London and in an associated letter famously conveyed his radical interpretation of the finds, concluding that they had been “fabricated and used by a people who had not the use of metals”, in addition, “the situation in which theses weapons were found may tempt us to refer them to a very remote period indeed, even beyond that of the present world”. A view disregarded at the time due to overwhelming conflicting religious beliefs.
During the 19th and early 20th century, a combination of further discoveries, expanding knowledge and understanding of these ancient artefact’s led to extensive collections of hand axes being formed, mainly consisting of finds from gravel pits sourced from workmen eager to supplement their income with the additional pay such discoveries opportuned.
These finds are still being studied and debated, based on much evidence it is now generally accepted that many fine implements had a significance far beyond function, a visual display of the makers knowledge and skill or as a means of conveying the owners social status or power and certainly providing conclusive proof that our ancient ancestors possessed a high degree of culture evidenced in the beautiful reoccurring hand axe forms which are today being reappraised and increasingly appreciated as art in the contemporary world, in addition to their important archaeological significance.
Warren Hill is one of the most important sites in East Anglia for Palaeolithic flint implements, the artefacts discovered there provide evidence of a highly refined industry of cordate and ovate hand-axes dating to approximately 500,000 years ago. This makes Warren Hill not only one of the richest ancient human sites in Britain, but also one of the oldest.
This fine example displays light ‘toad-belly’, patination, a very distinctive characteristic of axes found in this location and which the site is renowned for, with old collection inventory number, ‘557’, in addition to a collection label bearing the inscription, ‘Warren Hill, Mildenhall, 1887’, to one side, the information repeated in hand-written ink on the reverse.
Length: 9cm, Width: 6cm (At widest point)